Nitrogen electron: A step toward lighter atoms
The discovery that nitrogen atoms can store energy by their own, rather than through other atoms, could be used to design new devices that store energy in the form of electrons, said lead author Ting Xu, a chemist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Such a device could provide energy storage in a form that is stable and useful, while minimizing its size and weight.
The researchers were the first to report a way to harness the energy of nitrogen atoms, which has been considered a potential source of nuclear fusion power for a long time.
They described their discovery in a recent issue of the journal Nature.
Nitrogen atoms are small and very reactive, making them ideal for use in a variety of devices.
They also make excellent superconductors, which can operate at high temperatures and pressures.
But, until now, they were thought to have an energy storage capacity that was limited to only 1 percent.
Xu and his team wanted to discover a way for the nitrogen atom to store energy at room temperature.
“When we looked at the properties of nitrogen, we noticed that it is a very reactive element,” he said.
“We looked at how reactive it is and found that it has a negative charge and can store negative charge.
We didn’t expect it to store as much energy.
We assumed that it had an energy of just a few percent.”
A lot of energy was lost to heat in a superconductor in the initial process.
In the new experiment, the researchers used the same principle to show that the nitrogen atoms are a good candidate for a superconducting state.
The energy stored in the nitrogen electron configuration is similar to that of a supercooled water atom.
“It’s a really simple concept to understand,” said lead researcher Ting Zhang, a physicist at the University of California, Berkeley.
“What we found is that the energy stored by the nitrogen has to be stored in a liquid state and in a low temperature and pressure state.
That’s not as exciting as what we had expected, but it is very important.”
Nitrogen electrons are made of hydrogen atoms and hydrogen atoms are extremely reactive.
Their reactions are very slow, and the reaction takes several days.
When they are used in superconductivity, the electrons are not lost in the superconductive state.
This means that the atoms remain in a solid state.
However, the energy can be stored as a very small energy that can be transferred to a supercapacitor or other devices by means of electricity.
The new device is also smaller than conventional superconducters.
In fact, the size of the electron structure is smaller than that of an electron.
In addition, the nitrogen ion was discovered by a team at China’s Jilin University.
The scientists say that the discovery could have applications in several areas, including ultrafast superconductions and other energy storage devices.
“The nitrogen atom is a key element for superconductives,” said co-author Dong Wang, a scientist at the China Academy of Sciences Institute of Science Technology.
“If it becomes a material for superconditions, it would be a key for supercapascents and other superconductivities.”
Zhang added, “The nitrogen electron is a unique and exciting element for the future of superconductivism.”
The research was supported by the Office of Naval Research and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.