How to deal with the new chemistry in lithium ion batteries
By KAREN B. HALEY/WALL STREET JOURNALISTBy The Wall St. Journal / July 24, 2018 12:00:00AMEDIA, Calif.
— A few months ago, the world was transfixed by a story about a Chinese company developing a lithium-ion battery that was capable of delivering electricity with no toxic fumes, and the world’s attention turned to the next-generation lithium-air battery, with which to charge that battery.
The battery, the first to be certified as a safe and reliable battery, is called Lithium Ion Batteries (Li-ion).
The world, as it turns out, has a lot of work ahead of it to develop and commercialize Li-ion batteries.
This is a story of the challenges ahead and how we are getting there, said Jeffrey Tannenbaum, CEO of Suntech, a lithium ion battery manufacturer.
The company recently received the first battery for sale at a Tesla showroom in Palo Alto, Calif., in January.
The battery is about the size of a deck of cards.
It has four electrodes — the first of which is an ion channel, which releases electricity in the form of a stream of ions.
The second electrode contains a second ion channel that releases more electrons.
The third electrode contains an electric cell, which is charged by an electrolyte called electrolyte buffer.
The fourth electrode is a supercapacitor, which charges the battery, and that is where the lithium ions are.
The new lithium-cell battery is made by a team led by Suntech.
They have produced an array of lithium-iron batteries that have been tested in labs, but have yet to be commercialized, and have been found to be less safe than traditional lithium ionbatteries.
The batteries are manufactured by a company called Bodega Lithium Corp., which is based in Silicon Valley.
Bodega is a leader in the lithium ion industry, and it was formed in 1997.
It is a division of Bodegax Technologies Inc., a subsidiary of SunTech.
It produces the Li-iron battery, called LIP, which has the capacity to store about 400 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity.
SunTech manufactures the lithium-hydroxide battery, which uses lithium in a mixture of a lithium iron phosphate and lithium cobalt oxide to produce a liquid electrolyte that holds a charge.
Suntech is also working on a lithium metal-oxide battery, based on the same process.
The two batteries have similar capacities, but SunTech is focusing on making the new battery a little safer and a little more energy-efficient, with the added benefit of making it less toxic to the environment, said Robert W. Gentry, vice president of product development at SunTech, who is also the director of battery manufacturing and research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Biodiesel and lithium are the two key metals that make up lithium ion.
In the battery world, lithium-metal-oxide batteries can store electricity for more than a decade.
The other major element in the battery is nickel.
Lithium ion batteries store electricity more slowly, and they are considered less toxic than lithium-carbon batteries.
The process to make lithium ion and lithium-nickel batteries is called electrolysis.
When the battery has enough electricity, the electrolyte can be flushed from the electrode and discharged into the electrolytes buffer and the supercapAC (electrolyte buffer) and electrolyte.
A large amount of electricity can be stored in the buffer.
When it is time to charge the battery or to charge and discharge the supercharger, the lithium and nickel ions can be separated.
The lithium ion ions are then stored in a lithium alloy, and nickel is stored in its nickel oxide, which can be used to form a battery.
In the future, batteries that store more energy and deliver more power may become a standard in automobiles, power stations and solar panels, Tannensbaum said.
Lithiaion batteries, which are less expensive to make and are more energy efficient, are likely to play a larger role in the electric vehicle and solar-panel market, he said.
Solar and batteries are important to the world, but they are not the only energy source, Trenner said.
Solar energy has become more efficient and inexpensive over the past 20 years.
There is also demand for batteries to store electricity during periods of heavy snow and wind storms.
“You don’t want to have an electrical grid that is all-in on batteries,” Tannenberg said.
“You don´t want to be a generator of electricity for a long time.”